Do you suffer from severe pain in the shoulder area? Do you have a problem with moving your hand and are you annoyed by the stiffness of the shoulder? Have you noticed the swelling and redness of the skin on your shoulder? This condition requires a medical check – the most likely cause of these ailments may be an inflammation of the shoulder joint. In some cases, the patient should undergo hospitalization, so do not hesitate to consult a medical professional. What can be the causes of shoulder inflammation and what is the treatment of this disease?
The inflammatory process may include all structures forming the shoulder joint, i.e: bone tissue, cartilage, synovial bursa, synovium, joint capsule as well as ligaments and tendons. Depending on the severity and rate of development of the lesions, the condition may be severe, subacute or chronic. Inflammation of the shoulder joint occurs for various reasons, both in young and old people.
Inflammation can be the result of direct infection with microorganisms – it happens that viruses and bacteria get into the joint through open wounds. Problems with the shoulder may also occur due to secondary infections – arthritis is a complication of venereal diseases (syphilis, gonorrhea), tuberculosis, borreliosis. However, the most frequent to the development of the disease are multiple injuries and long-term overload – this is called post-traumatic shoulder arthritis. However, in some patients it is difficult to determine a specific cause, because the inflammation may be the result of autoimmune immune system. Problems with the shoulder joint can also be associated with rheumatic diseases such as RA, psoriatic arthritis or juvenile idiopathic arthritis. In addition, the disease may be a consequence of inflammation of the intestine or gout. It happens that shoulder joint inflammation is the result of tissue death due to impaired blood circulation.
Weakness, muscle pain, fever – these are signs of an inflammatory joint developing in the patient’s body. The mood deteriorates as a result of weather changes, which brings associations with rheumatism. The inflammatory process causes visible changes in the vicinity of the shoulder joint – swelling, redness and warming of the skin over the affected joint. The patient complains of severe pain and tenderness at the touch of the shoulder attachment, unfortunately, the pain will increase with the development of the disease. Inflammation of the shoulder joint has a negative impact on physical fitness, causing, among others, morning stiffness and problems with limb movement.
The medical diagnosis of shoulder inflammation is determined based on the patient’s history and the results of imaging tests (X-ray and ultrasound). The final confirmation is obtained by a blood test with the CRP and OB protein assay and blood culture test that will help determine the type of pathogenic pathogens.
Treatment of the shoulder joint may require hospitalization, especially if the cause of the disease were bacteria or viruses. The basis of the treatment are medicines – antibiotics in the case of bacterial infection and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In addition, the doctor may recommend immobilizing the joint using an orthosis or stabilizer. To reduce swelling, cooling packs are used. Inflammation of the shoulder joint may also require rehabilitation – in this case doctors recommend especially stimulation with TENS currents, cryotherapy and therapeutic baths. Movement exercises and massages are also recommended, which aim to relieve muscle tension and soften the soft tissues. To speed up the regeneration of the affected joint, the doctor may also suggest stabilizing the shoulder with special patches (taping) and hyperabrine therapy.
Inflammation of the shoulder joint also requires the patient to be involved – the patient should be saving and resting until the symptoms disappear, care for proper hydration of the body and use supplements for joints.